How to Align Layers in GIMP

Controlling layers is an essential skill for all image editors, but aligning layers by hand is tedious and time-consuming. GIMP has several tools that can help you align your layers, although it’s not always immediately clear which one is the right tool for your project. Let’s take a closer look at the options! 

Note: If you want to focus on centering your layers in GIMP, I’ve got a specialized guide for that.

The Quick Guide to Align Layers in GIMP

Aligning layers in GIMP is very easy once you know the trick to it. Here’s how it works:

  • Step 1: Switch to the Alignment tool.
  • Step 2: In the main image window, click on the image element you want to align.
  • Step 3: Select the desired alignment in the Tool Options panel.

That’s all there is to it! Of course, there are quite a number of options that change how the Alignment tool works, so if you want a more detailed explanation of the process, read on.

The Detailed Guide to Aligning Layers in GIMP

The Alignment tool works differently than most of the other tools in GIMP, so don’t worry if you’re confused at first – I’ll explain how everything works! 

Step 1: The Alignment Tool

The Alignment tool is nested under the Move tool in the toolbox, so you can right-click or click and hold on the Move icon in the toolbox to locate it. You can also use the keyboard shortcut Q if you want to boost your workflow efficiency. 

The Alignment tool is nested/stacked under the Move tool in the toolbox

Step 2: Selecting Your Image Elements

Here’s where things start to get a bit unusual. Instead of using the Layers panel to select which image elements will be aligned, GIMP allows you to visually select the elements you want to align by simply clicking them in the main image window. 

This seems like a great time-saver at first, until you realize that the system isn’t very clear. GIMP uses four square boxes placed at the edges of your layer boundaries to indicate which image element is selected, as you can see below. 

The four squares surrounding ‘The GIMP Tutorials’ text is the only indication that shows it is currently selected by the Alignment tool

Personally, I find this is a great system for small projects that only have a few overlapping elements, but it can quickly get frustrating if you’ve got a more complex image. 

The selection borders aren’t very well-designed, and it’s all too easy to get confused about which elements are selected and which aren’t.  

GIMP also allows you to select multiple objects for alignment by holding down the Shift key and clicking additional image elements. Unfortunately, it uses the same “four squares” system for each element, which can make it hard to tell if you’ve selected everything you wanted to align. 

Step 3: Setting Your Alignment Options

Once you have selected all the objects you want to align, it’s time to choose how they will be aligned using the Tool Options panel. The options are fairly straightforward, as you can see below:

The Tool Options panel showing the settings for the Alignment tool

The most important setting is the Relative to option, which defines where your layers will be aligned. 

Most of the time, Image is a good setting, which allows you to align to the edges of your image canvas easily, but First item and Selection are also very useful – although First item requires that you keep careful track of the order you’ve selected your image elements! 

Once you’ve set your Relative to option, selecting one of the six buttons below will apply the desired alignment: left, center, right, top, middle, or bottom. 

If you don’t want to align exactly to the selected space, you can adjust the Offset X and Offset Y settings to provide additional spacing. 

Aligning Multiple Layers In GIMP

GIMP’s layer handling system is a bit out of date by today’s standards, and it can be frustratingly inconsistent. 

The Alignment tool is one of the few tools that allows you to select and edit multiple layers at once, but the multiple selection method it uses can be tedious if you have more than a few layers to align at once.

However, GIMP does offer a specialized tool for aligning multiple layers: Align Visible Layers. This lets you use the visibility toggle in the Layers panel as a way to identify which layers should be aligned, and which should be left alone. 

It’s a bit clunky, but it’s still easier than aligning a large number of layers with the Alignment tool. 

Open the Image menu and select Align Visible Layers

The Align Visible Layers dialog box in GIMP 2.10

Assuming you’ve got multiple layers that can be aligned automatically, GIMP will open a dialog box allowing you to set the alignment options. These are different than those found in the Alignment tool, but they allow a few extra options such as snapping to a customizable pixel grid. 

A Final Word

That’s all there is to aligning layers in GIMP! GIMP users around the world are eagerly awaiting the release of GIMP 3, which is supposed to include a redesigned layer system that should make the layer alignment process a bit simpler, but we’ll have to wait until it’s finally released to see how it works. 

For now, these tools are your best options – so take your time, and everything should line up perfectly!

About Thomas Boldt
I’ve been working with digital images since the year 2000 or so, when I got my first digital camera. I've tried many image editing programs. GIMP is a free and powerful software, but not exactly user-friendly until you get comfortable with it, and I wanted to make the learning process easier for you here.

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  • Chris Jones

    Thomas, it would be a lot more helpful for me if you actually demonstrated the technique. I’m newer to GIMP and somewhere I’m missing a step. I have multiple layers which have the same image in a different light. I’m trying to use registration, or, aligning all features by translation/rotation and shearing.

    • Thomas Boldt

      Hi Chris, it sounds like you’re trying to align the *content* of your image layers, which is a much different process – and a more complex one. Unless there are only very slight differences between your image layers, I’d suggest that you try another app for your project because GIMP doesn’t have any tool that can examine your layer contents and then align them automatically that way.

      This article is more useful if, for example, you want to align a text layer with an image layer beneath it.

      You may have some luck using the free GMIC plugin’s Align Layers command. I’ve got a tutorial about how to install GMIC here:

      Hope that helps!

  • George

    I need to align time lapse photos with irregular shapes based on content, not edges, by matching content Orthophotos) Then crop to uniform size. Is this possible using Gimp?

  • MIKE

    Thanks for advice on alighnment. However in the ‘alighn visible layers’ I get the box you show but when I click OK nothing happens. I have all the layers selected as visible with the eye symbol. Can you tell me what I may be missing .
    Would be very grateful for advice.

    • Thomas Boldt

      Hi Mike, I hate it when weird bugs like this happen since they can be so hard to pinpoint!

      Try opening the View menu and make sure that ‘Show Layer Boundary’ is enabled. Sometimes layers can have invisible boundaries that are much larger than the actual image contents, and GIMP aligns layers based on the invisible layer boundary, not the actual pixels.

      If it turns out that is what is causing the issue, use the ‘Crop to Content’ command in the Layer menu to shrink the layer boundaries so that they don’t extend past the actual pixels in your layers.

      Hope that helps!